The two most salient aspects of Ibiza, biodiversity and culture bring to his declaration of World Heritage Site by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO).
The Carthaginians were the ones who founded the ancient Ibosim early as 654 BC In little more than a century, the city became a colony in the strategic western Mediterranean. Ebusus during the Roman Empire and then the name Yebisah under Muslim rule, the island came under the dominion of King James I, after the Reconquest in 1235. The siege continued pirate lead to the construction of a wall to fortify the city, in the 16th century.
Currently, the city is divided in Sa Penya, known as “Ciudad Baja (lower town) and Dalt Vila, an area located on the top of the monumental city, declared Patrimony of Humanity. Dalt Vila is surrounded by well-preserved Renaissance walls, built by King Charles V, who served as a model for the walls and fortresses in the New World. The extra height of its ramparts offer a magnificent view of the city and the port below it.
Portal de ses Taules is the gate to the wall, with buildings of note inside, as the town hall, located in the old convent of Predicadores, the church of Santo Domingo and the chapel of Sant Salvador. The cathedral, built on top of an ancient mosque, has a sober Gothic structure, built in the 14th century and later restored in the 18th century. One of the most valuable pieces of jewelry that was kept in a monstrance of gold-silver. They share the same square of the cathedral, the Bishop’s Palace stands out with its distinct gateway. Another notable building is the Castle or Almudaina, the tallest building in the capital, with its great Arab prison.
Inside the center, you can visit the Archaeological Museum, an exhibition of the rich heritage that the city eats, with a valuable collection of the Phoenicians and Carthaginians.
The best way to admire the architecture of Ibiza is People walk through the narrow streets of the old town to the port, passing through the central avenue of Vara de Rey, and then proceed on the door to the lighthouse Botafoc.
In addition to the district fisheries in the lower city, another important issue is the necropolis of Puig des Molins, also declared a World Heritage Site, along with the Phoenician city of Sa Caleta and the Natural Reserve of Ses Salines. On this site, over 4,000 Punic and Roman tombs were discovered. The statues of the Baar Goddess Tania and God are the two main pieces.
Along the coast, numerous terraces and restaurants line up, where visitors can experience the best cuisine Ibiza. At night, the party capital reveals its side, with bars, discos, clubs, after hours and DJs to spin their parties out of fashion.
The beaches and bays of Ibiza, as Figueretas, Es Viver and Talamanca are beautiful golden beaches and a magnificent backdrop that dazzle divers, hosting a large number of species indigenous to the Mediterranean, part of a rich and diverse marine ecosystem. This combination of culture and biodiversity has been a key factor in the decision of UNESCO to declare this place a World Heritage Site.
The cuisine of Ibiza combines a wide repertoire of specialties with those native to the Balearic island. Thus, cold cuts take center stage, an excellent example of being “sausage”, a spread made with ground meat and cured with spices. Also typical is the tumbet “(a baked dish with peppers, eggplant and potatoes) and rice dishes with fish. For dessert, you can choose between the famous” ensaimada “(a spiral-shaped cake, with sugar icing), the cheese with the Denomination of Origin label – Frígola Mahon and Ibiza, one of many dessert wines that are produced in the Balearic Islands.
The island of Ibiza can be visited in its entirety, taking the capital as a starting point. A few kilometers away is northeast of the city of Santa Eulària des Riu, with its Roman cemetery and the church is located on top of Puig de Missa. Below is Portinatx, tourist town with beautiful coves and the authentic atmosphere of the fishing village. Finally, Sant Antoni de Portmany has some of the best beaches in the West, besides being a vibrant and exciting place in the island.